Chemistry in Industries 

Chemistry: The Heart of All Industries

May 31, 2024

Chemistry is the study of the properties of matter and their behaviour. It is also known as central science or core science as it lies between physics and biology and serves as a fundamental framework for comprehending various basic and applied scientific fields. From the moment of wake up to go to bed, chemistry plays an important role as it affects various phases of the daily routine of our life. Chemistry in Industries like food, detergent, agriculture, and cosmetics.

Importance of Chemistry in Industries 

Chemistry in Food

The chemistry behind the photosynthesis that plants undergo by absorbing CO2 and H2O from air, sunlight feeds with preparation of their own food in form of glucose. Food preservation and production on a large scale is done with the help of chemistry Preservatives including sodium benzoate, sulfur dioxide, sodium sorbate and propionic acid may be used to inhibit bacterial and yeast growth. These preservatives are also beneficial for the prolongation of shelf-life food.

Different formations such as spices, goods and processing aids that are used to enhance the flavour of nutrition along with this it also works out the food products. Food emulsifiers to enhance the quality of food Emulsifiers help keep the ingredients found in food stable. For instance, in the case of cold beverages and frozen desserts; certain artificial sweeteners like aspartame are used to enhance the flavors. The oxidation of food is prevented by the antioxidant agents like butylated hydroxyl tolerance (BHT) and butylated hydroxyl anisole (BHA). 

Chemistry in Soap and Detergents

Saponification reaction of sodium and potassium salts with fatty acid viz. stearic acid are used in preparing these soaps but when we talk about hand sanitizers; alkyl long chain Sodium benzenesulfonate or bisulphates are being utilized for its manufacture. Saponification is the procedure by which soap and detergent are produced. There is also soap that made as a liquid, pure, foam and laundry by the conditions you want.  

Also Read: What Can I Do After BSc Chemistry Hons: Scope & Jobs

Chemistry in Pharmaceutical industry

Chemicals known as pharmaceuticals are used to treat illnesses and provide pain relief. The pharmaceutical business has benefited greatly from chemistry. Often, we forget that we are so lucky that we are living in modern era. Whenever we are not well, we take the medicine, and this never be possible without the chemistry.

The ingredients present in drug are the chemicals. These chemical compounds bind to the receptors in our body and block the transmitters causing pain. The most common example of the role of chemistry can be seen during COVID-19 era. The vaccine and booster shots used to prevent from Coronavirus was developed by chemists. Without the vaccine, the whole world would still be in the lockdown condition. 

Chemistry in Textile Industry

The textile industry makes use of diverse uncooked substances consisting of nylon, cotton, silk, jute, polyester, and more to create fabric, luggage, towels, nets, and carpets. these materials undergo numerous chemical strategies, together with bleaching, dyeing, printing, and completing, to beautify their cleanliness, smoothness, and ordinary exceptional. throughout those chemical operations, cleansing and polishing dealers are applied to purify and refine the raw materials. Dyes and pigments are the primary equipment hired to feature colour to the cloth. moreover, advancements in the chemical era have made it feasible to supply wrinkle- and stain-resistant fabrics, thereby growing their sturdiness. 

Chemistry in Cosmetics

The cosmetic merchandise like lotion, moisturizer, perfume, and others used on each day foundation are synthesized in the laboratory using chemical processed to enhance the tone of pores and skin. The thickeners like cetyl alcohol are used to enhance the consistency and texture of the beauty compounds.

The preservatives like benzyl alcohol and salicylic acid are used to extend the lifestyles span of the goods. Glycerine and zinc oxide, emollient are used to put together the skin more melt. diverse emulsifiers like cetyl sulphate used to stabilize the beauty products. Bismuth oxychloride, the exceptional glimmer is specially sued for the shining of the skin. 

Chemistry in Environment Protection

Nowadays, environmental pollution is a big concern for all of us and chemistry has a significant role in environmental protection. Chemistry is the main focus and centre whenever we discuss environmental pollution. Chemistry plays a significant role in understanding, examining and protecting the environment.

We may also investigate and analyze environmental pollutants, consisting of pollutants of the air, water, and soil, and the usage of the essential thoughts of chemistry. although it’s a commonplace misperception that the chemical industry and chemistry are more often than not accountable for environmental pollution, advances in chemical research and era have also been used to eliminate pollutants from the air, water, and soil. green chemistry, whose primary purpose is to create chemical merchandise and strategies that decrease the use and production of unsafe substances, is an excellent illustration of environmentally friendly chemistry. 

B.Sc.(Hons) Chemistry at K.R. Mangalam University

B.Sc. (Hons.) Chemistry is a three-year programme that focuses on the end-to-end study of chemistry and formulation of advanced solutions its various applications, structure, and properties with the surrounding matters. This advanced programme includes the study of Organic & Inorganic Chemistry, Herbal Technology, Fermentation Science And Technology, Physical Chemistry, Analytical Techniques of Chemistry, Latex, and Molecular Spectroscopy And Photochemistry etc. This programme offers students the basic fundamentals in the field of chemistry.

Eligibility  Criteria

Passed the 10+2 or equivalent examination from any recognized board/ University with PCB/PCM as mandatory course with minimum 50% aggregate marks. 

Conclusion

The role of chemistry in human life is very broad and complex. It is the core of day-to-day activities and chemical industries which generally contribute to the comfort of human beings. From food and healthcare facilities to textile, cosmetics and environment protection, chemistry is universal. By understanding the role of chemistry, we can inspire and motivate others for innovation and advancement which further improves the lives of human beings and helps to address the challenges globally.

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    Chemistry in Industries 

    Chemistry: The Heart of All Industries

    May 31, 2024

    Chemistry is the study of the properties of matter and their behaviour. It is also known as central science or core science as it lies between physics and biology and serves as a fundamental framework for comprehending various basic and applied scientific fields. From the moment of wake up to go to bed, chemistry plays an important role as it affects various phases of the daily routine of our life. Chemistry in Industries like food, detergent, agriculture, and cosmetics.

    Importance of Chemistry in Industries 

    Chemistry in Food

    The chemistry behind the photosynthesis that plants undergo by absorbing CO2 and H2O from air, sunlight feeds with preparation of their own food in form of glucose. Food preservation and production on a large scale is done with the help of chemistry Preservatives including sodium benzoate, sulfur dioxide, sodium sorbate and propionic acid may be used to inhibit bacterial and yeast growth. These preservatives are also beneficial for the prolongation of shelf-life food.

    Different formations such as spices, goods and processing aids that are used to enhance the flavour of nutrition along with this it also works out the food products. Food emulsifiers to enhance the quality of food Emulsifiers help keep the ingredients found in food stable. For instance, in the case of cold beverages and frozen desserts; certain artificial sweeteners like aspartame are used to enhance the flavors. The oxidation of food is prevented by the antioxidant agents like butylated hydroxyl tolerance (BHT) and butylated hydroxyl anisole (BHA). 

    Chemistry in Soap and Detergents

    Saponification reaction of sodium and potassium salts with fatty acid viz. stearic acid are used in preparing these soaps but when we talk about hand sanitizers; alkyl long chain Sodium benzenesulfonate or bisulphates are being utilized for its manufacture. Saponification is the procedure by which soap and detergent are produced. There is also soap that made as a liquid, pure, foam and laundry by the conditions you want.  

    Also Read: What Can I Do After BSc Chemistry Hons: Scope & Jobs

    Chemistry in Pharmaceutical industry

    Chemicals known as pharmaceuticals are used to treat illnesses and provide pain relief. The pharmaceutical business has benefited greatly from chemistry. Often, we forget that we are so lucky that we are living in modern era. Whenever we are not well, we take the medicine, and this never be possible without the chemistry.

    The ingredients present in drug are the chemicals. These chemical compounds bind to the receptors in our body and block the transmitters causing pain. The most common example of the role of chemistry can be seen during COVID-19 era. The vaccine and booster shots used to prevent from Coronavirus was developed by chemists. Without the vaccine, the whole world would still be in the lockdown condition. 

    Chemistry in Textile Industry

    The textile industry makes use of diverse uncooked substances consisting of nylon, cotton, silk, jute, polyester, and more to create fabric, luggage, towels, nets, and carpets. these materials undergo numerous chemical strategies, together with bleaching, dyeing, printing, and completing, to beautify their cleanliness, smoothness, and ordinary exceptional. throughout those chemical operations, cleansing and polishing dealers are applied to purify and refine the raw materials. Dyes and pigments are the primary equipment hired to feature colour to the cloth. moreover, advancements in the chemical era have made it feasible to supply wrinkle- and stain-resistant fabrics, thereby growing their sturdiness. 

    Chemistry in Cosmetics

    The cosmetic merchandise like lotion, moisturizer, perfume, and others used on each day foundation are synthesized in the laboratory using chemical processed to enhance the tone of pores and skin. The thickeners like cetyl alcohol are used to enhance the consistency and texture of the beauty compounds.

    The preservatives like benzyl alcohol and salicylic acid are used to extend the lifestyles span of the goods. Glycerine and zinc oxide, emollient are used to put together the skin more melt. diverse emulsifiers like cetyl sulphate used to stabilize the beauty products. Bismuth oxychloride, the exceptional glimmer is specially sued for the shining of the skin. 

    Chemistry in Environment Protection

    Nowadays, environmental pollution is a big concern for all of us and chemistry has a significant role in environmental protection. Chemistry is the main focus and centre whenever we discuss environmental pollution. Chemistry plays a significant role in understanding, examining and protecting the environment.

    We may also investigate and analyze environmental pollutants, consisting of pollutants of the air, water, and soil, and the usage of the essential thoughts of chemistry. although it’s a commonplace misperception that the chemical industry and chemistry are more often than not accountable for environmental pollution, advances in chemical research and era have also been used to eliminate pollutants from the air, water, and soil. green chemistry, whose primary purpose is to create chemical merchandise and strategies that decrease the use and production of unsafe substances, is an excellent illustration of environmentally friendly chemistry. 

    B.Sc.(Hons) Chemistry at K.R. Mangalam University

    B.Sc. (Hons.) Chemistry is a three-year programme that focuses on the end-to-end study of chemistry and formulation of advanced solutions its various applications, structure, and properties with the surrounding matters. This advanced programme includes the study of Organic & Inorganic Chemistry, Herbal Technology, Fermentation Science And Technology, Physical Chemistry, Analytical Techniques of Chemistry, Latex, and Molecular Spectroscopy And Photochemistry etc. This programme offers students the basic fundamentals in the field of chemistry.

    Eligibility  Criteria

    Passed the 10+2 or equivalent examination from any recognized board/ University with PCB/PCM as mandatory course with minimum 50% aggregate marks. 

    Conclusion

    The role of chemistry in human life is very broad and complex. It is the core of day-to-day activities and chemical industries which generally contribute to the comfort of human beings. From food and healthcare facilities to textile, cosmetics and environment protection, chemistry is universal. By understanding the role of chemistry, we can inspire and motivate others for innovation and advancement which further improves the lives of human beings and helps to address the challenges globally.

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